the goal of this review is to summarize measures that are useful for the assessment of bipolar disorder among adults. the diagnosis of bipolar disorder is based on a review of symptoms and potential medical explanations for those symptoms, as there is no biological marker for the disorder. rdc criteria are stricter in that psychotic symptoms are more likely to yield a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder than would be applied in the dsm-iv criteria; within the dsm-iv criteria, psychotic symptoms must be present for at least two weeks outside of episode to be considered evidence of schizoaffective disorder. in patient samples, reliability for current and lifetime diagnoses of bipolar disorder has been adequate to excellent, ranging from .64 to .92; establishing reliability for the scid in community samples is more difficult due to low base rates of the disorder (williams et al., 1992). given this uncertainty and relative lack of severity of hypomania, it is not surprising that the accurate assessment of bipolar ii disorder is more difficult to achieve than bipolar i disorder. the most reliable and valid way to obtain a diagnosis of bipolar disorder is through a structured interview with a trained clinician (akiskal, 2002). to date, the hps has only been studied in one clinical sample, achieving a positive predictive value of .82 and a negative predictive value of .67, and achieving a point-biserial correlation of .56 with bipolar i diagnosis (kwapil, 2008).
overall, the scid and the sads are the most common means of diagnosing bipolar disorder in adults. the ymrs has primarily been used to assess manic symptoms in treatment trials and was the primary measure of mania in the systematic treatment enhancement program for bipolar disorder study, the largest study to date on the effectiveness of treatments for bipolar disorder (sachs et al., 2003). however, less factor analytic support was obtained in a study that examined the item loadings for the sads-c and a nurse observation scale for mania (swann et al., 2001). despite these strengths, the iss scale has a low sensitivity to manic symptoms at the time of hospitalization (altman et al., 2001). this is an important area for future study, and it is the hope of the authors that self-monitoring methods continue to be refined and validated for bipolar disorder. people with bipolar disorder experience at least some depressive symptoms at least one-third of the weeks in a year (judd et al., 2002; keck & mcelroy, 2003), and these subsyndromal depressive symptoms can be associated with substantial impairment across a variety of domains (altshuler et al., 2006). a first goal would be the refinement of diagnostic measures for bipolar ii disorder and other milder forms of bipolar disorder.
could your intense mood swings — alternating between high-flying mania and deep depression — be a sign of bipolar disorder? bipolar disorder (once called manic depression) is a very serious condition that is marked by extreme — and sometimes violent — mood swings. bipolar has several subtypes, the most common of which are bipolar i and bipolar ii, which is often misdiagnosed as depression. bipolar disorder is highly genetic, and usually comes on in the late teens or early adulthood. if you suffer from exaggerated psychological highs and lows, you may have bipolar disorder. take this bipolar disorder test and then bring the results to a mental health professional for evaluation.
created for family members of people with alcohol abuse or drug abuse problems. answers questions about substance abuse, its symptoms, different experiencing mood swings or extreme shifts in mood/energy? our online bipolar test is free, quick, confidential, and scientifically validated. take this 3-minute self-assessment quiz, based on the bipolar screening questionnaire from dr. ivan goldberg, to see if you may have, .
have any of your blood relatives (ie, children, siblings, parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles) had manic-depressive illness or bipolar disorder? 5. has a take talkspace’s free, clinically-vetted bipolar disorder test to see if you have the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder. several types of bipolar disorder are recognized by the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders of the american psychiatric association (apa, 2000), .
When you try to get related information on bipolar disorder assessment, you may look for related areas. .