homosexuality mental illness

the american psychiatric association and the american psychological association have suggested for many years now that there is significant empirical evidence supporting the claim that homosexuality is a normal variant of human sexual orientation as opposed to a mental disorder. hence, it is necessary to provide a summary and analysis of that purported up-to-date scientific evidence which supports the claim that homosexuality is not a mental disorder. both documents provide citations of “evidence” supporting the claim that homosexuality is not a mental disorder. decades of research and clinical experience have led all mainstream mental health organizations in this country to the conclusion that homosexuality is a normal form of human sexuality. the living world is a continuum in each and every one of its aspects. to summarize, then, there is a mental condition in which people “desire” and “long for” the removal of their healthy limbs. the apa claims that alfred kinsey’s studies of homosexuality in men and women were “countervailing evidence” to the idea that homosexuality is a pathology. the observation of a behavior in both non-human and human animals is not a sufficient condition to determine that there is “nothing unnatural” about that behavior (unless the apa re-defines the word “natural” to accommodate that statement). thus, the apa’s use of ford and beach’s faulty conclusion as “evidence” that homosexuality is not a mental disorder is both antiquated and deficient. hence, the apa again implies that because homosexual men and women were “essentially similar” to men and women in adjustment and social functioning, it necessarily follows that homosexuality is not a mental disorder. again, the scientific evidence referred to in the claim that “homosexuality is normal and is supported by scientific evidence as a normal behavior” measured the “adjustment” of homosexuals. one could likely discover many mental disorders that do not lead a person to become depressed or distressed or have low self-esteem; in other words, “adjustment” is not a proper endpoint to determine the psychological normalcy of every thought process and the behaviors associated with those thought processes.

dsm-5 does not require distress or social impairment for one to be diagnosed with tourette’s disorder, and hence, it is yet another example of a mental disorder in which “adjustment” measures are irrelevant; it is a disorder in which one could not use measures of adjustment as scientific evidence to claim tourette’s disorder is or is not a mental disorder. spitzer and wakefield imply that in many cases a disorder may be present even if an individual is functioning well in society or if the individual scores well on measurements of “adjustment.” in some situations, appealing to measurements of distress and impairment in social functioning leads to “false negatives,” which are instances in which an individual’s mental condition is disordered but is not labeled as disordered (spitzer and wakefield 1999, 1856). (narrow and kuhl 2011, 152–3, 147–62) again, the quotation is in regard to dsm-iv, but the lack of “distress or impairment in social functioning” criterion is still being used to claim that homosexuality is not a mental disorder. it follows, then, that the apa’s and the american psychiatric association’s claim that homosexuality is not a mental disorder is not supported by the evidence they cite. why is a person who stimulates himself and masturbates to the point of orgasm while fantasizing about causing psychological or physical suffering in another person (a sexual sadist) not mentally disordered, yet those with delusional disorder are considered mentally disordered? the conclusion is arrived at by implying that any sexual behavior and associated thought processes that do not cause impairment in social functioning or measures of “adjustment” is not a sexual disorder. 2013, 145) sexual fantasies are images or thoughts in the mind, they result in “arousal,” and it is not a stretch to say that those fantasies are used to stimulate orgasm during masturbation. it should be alarming that the authority on mental illness has normalized any orgasm-causing behavior to which one consents; that normalization is a result of the erroneous premise that “any orgasm-stimulating behavior and its associated mental processes that does not result in problems with adjustment or social functioning is not a mental disorder.” that is deficient reasoning. those fluids are “physical,” and they have proper physical functions (again, that is simply a reality of medicine or health—the fluids in the human body have proper functions). some (apparently including the american psychiatric association) have taken the stance that orgasm is a type of pleasure that is good in and of itself regardless of the circumstances surrounding the orgasm. unfortunately, fatally flawed reasoning has served as the basis for “rigorous” and “scientific evidence” supporting the claim that homosexuality is not a mental disorder but is rather a normal variant of human sexual orientation. it is always best to give others “the benefit of the doubt.” maybe the apa and the american psychiatric association accidentally made catastrophic logical mistakes in the literature they cite as evidence supporting the claim that homosexuality (and other sexual deviances) is not a mental disorder; that scenario is quite possible.

forty-four years ago today, the american psychiatric association made history by issuing a resolution stating that homosexuality was not a mental illness or sickness. the resolution stated, “we will no longer insist on a label of sickness for individuals who insist that they are well and demonstrate no generalized impairment in social effectiveness.” the statement continued to say the apa supports “civil rights legislation at local, state, and federal levels that would insure homosexual citizens the same protections now guaranteed to others.” now, more than 40 years later, lgbtq advocates are still fighting to achieve that reality.

despite significant steps forward, 31 states still lack clear, fully-inclusive non-discrimination protections for lgbtq people, meaning that lgbtq people are at risk of being fired, denied housing, and denied services for who they are or whom they love. in recent years, the apa has continued to advocate for lgbtq people, including forcefully opposing the dangerous practice of so-called “conversion therapy” and opposing the trump-pence administration’s ban on qualified transgender people serving in the military.

hence, the basic stance of the apa and the american psychiatric association is that homosexuality is not a mental disorder but forty-four years ago today, the american psychiatric association made history by issuing a resolution stating that homosexuality was not a it is difficult to imagine how findings of mental health differences between homosexual and heterosexual co-twins might be spurious. herrell et al found that, .

first published in 1968, dsm-ii (the second edition of the american classiifcation of mental disorders) listed homosexuality as a mental previous studies have indicated increased risk of mental disorder symptoms, suicide and substance misuse in lesbian, gay and bisexual (lgb) as a result of this scientific research, the american psychiatric association declassified homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1973, .

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