mindfulness and depression

a new study on the approach to be published in a forthcoming issue of the lancet found that mbct helped prevent depression recurrence as effectively as maintenance antidepressant medication did. evidence also suggests that mbct may be of more help to patients most vulnerable to relapse: people with a greater number of prior episodes or who had residual depressive symptoms. “it may be that mindfulness leads to an increase in self-compassion and a decrease in experiential avoidance,” says stuart eisendrath, md, professor and head of the depression center at the university of california, san francisco.

or, in the case of people who have recovered from depression, blaming themselves for feeling down again or worrying about a relapse. “for people with residual symptoms, or who have treatment-resistant depression, mbct can be sequenced with antidepressant medication and with cognitive-behavioral therapy to help prevent the recurrence of relapse,” segal says. in a study by filip raes, phd, of the university of leuven and colleagues, 408 13- to 20-year-olds participated in a school-based mbct program in belgium. to the latter, he and a team of researchers at the center have come up with a new way to measure how well people learn mindfulness — not with brain scans, but in a person’s skill in counting his or her own breaths, which he found was associated with more meta-awareness, less mind wandering and a better mood (frontiers in psychology, 2014).

suppression, reappraisal, worry and rumination all acted as significant mediators of the relationship between mindfulness and depression. some researchers have suggested that rumination might mediate the negative relationship between mindfulness and depression (desrosiers et al., 2013; alleva et al., 2014) or anxiety (desrosiers et al., 2013). in this study, we sought to test the hypothesis that, in the general population, mindfulness might reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety through the reduction of worry, rumination and expressive suppression, and through the enhancement of reappraisal. finally, we aimed to compare the relative contributions of the different emotional regulation mechanisms to the relationship between mindfulness and depression/anxiety. in this study, we used the 3-item version of the pswq (berle et al., 2011) and the equivalent items from the spanish version (sandin et al., 2009).

both sub-scales exhibited good levels of reliability (measured in our sample): chronbach’s α = 0.856 for erq-r, and chronbach’s α = 0.806 for erq-s. to measure the participants’ practice of mindfulness meditation, we first asked them whether they practiced or had practiced meditation. these results demonstrate that meditation does not affect depression or anxiety when mindfulness is controlled for, and the bayes factors provide strong evidence in favor of the absence of correlation. examined the relationship between mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a sample of 187 participants with mood and anxiety disorders. in desrosiers et al.’s study, worry was the only significant mediator of the relationship between mindfulness and anxiety, and rumination was the only factor mediating the effect of mindfulness on depression. we think that the contention we put to the test, namely that mindfulness contributes to a reduction of depression and anxiety and that this effect occurs partly through emotional regulation mechanisms (an hypothesis shared by other researchers, e.g., desrosiers et al., 2013; freudenthaler et al., 2017), is a credible one in view of the evidence accumulated so far in the field. direct and indirect relationships between mindfulness and depression/anxiety, taking into account the meditating role of emotional regulation (cognitive reappraisal and emotive suppression), rumination and worry.

created for family members of people with alcohol abuse or drug abuse problems. answers questions about substance abuse, its symptoms, different “individual cognitive behavioral therapy is helpful for many people; antidepressant medications help many people. but it’s also the case that learning what type of depression you have is the key to successful treatment. here’s when mindfulness can help and when it can’t., .

that practicing mindfulness may help prevent a depression relapse. depression is not only the most common mental illness, it’s also one of the most on the other hand, deficits of emotional regulation are frequently observed in patients suffering from clinical depression or anxiety disorders in addition, the slow and deep breathing involved in mindfulness meditation may alleviate bodily symptoms of distress by balancing sympathetic and, .

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