social mental disorders

this paper seeks to explore what is known about the associations of psychiatric disorders with indicators of social disadvantage, and therefore about social risk factors in individuals and populations, and the potential for targetting with additional resources to preventive or ameliorative ends. for these, the published work was examined independently by two researchers, with regard to the validity and reliability of their methods, and their findings relating to the prevalence of the common mental disorders and differentials in social position. for employment the ‘unemployed and seeking work’ were compared with either ‘all others of working age’, or ‘all employed’. for example, of those with difficulties in three or more activities of daily living, 38% had a ‘limiting neurotic disorder’. unemployment was associated with higher positive scores, and was the factor most strongly associated with symptom prevalence in men and women, while low material standard of living and poor education had the highest rates of probable neurosis. the results gave a gradient with occupational social class (subject or head of household, but not parents), which disappeared in men up to age 55 after adjusting for material standard of living, but was still true for women of all ages [21].

the german health survey of 1999 used the cidi and dsm iv to identify ‘cases’ in a realised sample of 4,181. data for 12-month prevalence of ‘any mood disorder’ and ‘any anxiety disorder’, relating fairly closely to the ‘common mental disorders’ are available [11,12]. a survey in belgium in 1997 [27] used the ghq-12 with a cut-off point of 2 or more. these are in the form of distributions of odds ratios (ors) for associations in individual subjects between various social indicators and psychiatric disorder in the 12 months previous to interview. • in the 1990–92 usa ncs (sample aged 15–54), people with 0–11 years of education had an or of 1.79 (1.31–2.43) for ‘any affective disorder’, and an or of 2.82 (2.26–3.51) for ‘any anxiety disorder’ in the previous 12 months, compared to those with 16 or more years of education. • in the 1996 netherlands national survey (sample aged 18–64), ors of 1.56 (1.20–2.03) for mood disorders, and 1.77 (1.43–2.21) for anxiety disorders, were reported for the lowest income quartile compared to the highest income quartile. (adapted from [6]) ‘positive’ associations with less privileged social status and the common mental disorders in european surveys (adapted from [6]) expanded number of studies reporting associations with higher rates of the common mental disorders, by indicators of less privileged social position.

social anxiety disorder is a fairly common psychological disorder that involves an irrational fear of being watched, judged, humiliated, 7 disorders related to social anxiety disorder avoidant personality disorder panic disorder generalized anxiety disorder depression. mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. they may be occasional or long-, .

the three commonest disorders, anxiety, depression and alcohol were often present together. men had more alcohol and other drug disorders; women had more this guideline is concerned with the care and treatment of people with a common mental health disorder, including depression, generalised anxiety disorder, .

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